by Novartis Animal Health
This is an over the counter product - it does not require prescription.Capstar (nitenpyram) Tablets for Dogs and Cats
A single dose of CAPSTAR should kill the adult fleas on your pet. If your pet gets re-infested with fleas, you can safely give another dose as often as once per day.
To give CAPSTAR Tablets, place the pill directly in your pet's mouth, or hide it in food. If you hide the pill in food, watch closely to make sure your pet swallows the pill. If you are not sure that your pet swallowed the pill, it is safe to give a second pill.
Treat all infested pets in the household. Fleas can reproduce on untreated pets and allow infestations to persist.
CAPSTAR Tablets contain 11.4 or 57.0 mg of nitenpyram, which belongs to the chemical class of neonicotinoids. Nitenpyram kills adult fleas.
Not for human use. Keep this and all drugs out of the reach of children.
CAPSTAR Tablets should be administered according to the following schedule. Weigh your pet prior to administration to ensure proper dosage. Do not administer to pets under 2 pounds.
Recommended Dosage Schedule
|Cats and dogs up to 25 lb||1 tablet of CAPSTAR 11.4mg|
|Dogs over 25 lbs||1 tablet of CAPSTAR 57.0mg|
Laboratory and clinical studies showed that CAPSTAR Tablets are safe for use in dogs, cats, puppies and kittens 4 weeks of age and older and 2 pounds of body weight or greater.
CAPSTAR Tablets begin working within 30 minutes. In studies, CAPSTAR achieved greater than 90% effectiveness against adult fleas on dogs within 4 hours and cats within 6 hours.
CAPSTAR Tablets are safe for pregnant or nursing dogs and cats.
When using this product, you may notice that your dog or cat will start scratching itself as fleas begin to die. The scratching behavior is temporary and is a reaction to the fleas, not the drug.
CAPSTAR Tablets kill adult fleas that cause flea allergy dermatitis (FAD).
CAPSTAR Tablets may be used together with other products, including heartworm preventives, corticosteroids, antibiotics, vaccines, de-worming medications, shampoos and other flea products.
Flea Infestations on Dogs and Cats:
In addition to the common nuisance irritations associated with infestations, fleas can be responsible for skin conditions in your pet such as flea allergy dermatitis (FAD) in the dog and miliary dermatitis in the cat. Also, fleas transmit other parasites, including tapeworms. The control of flea infestations is important to your pet's health and also reduces the problems associated with these parasites.
CAPSTAR Tablets do not have an effect on fleas in the pet's environment. You may need to treat more than one time because immature fleas in and around the home will continue to develop into adults that can reinfest your pet.
Alternatively, you can treat your pet or environment with an insect growth regulator or you can treat your pet with an insect development inhibitor. Both insect growth regulators and insect development inhibitors act by preventing the development of immature stages of the flea. This will prevent fleas from reinfesting your pet. Laboratory studies have shown that CAPSTAR Tablets can be used safely with lufenuron.
The following diagram illustrates the flea's life cycle and where CAPSTAR Tablets work:
Fleas can be a problem because they reproduce so rapidly. A single female flea may produce up to 2,000 eggs over her lifetime. Eggs hatch and can develop into adults within only three weeks. Adult female fleas feed by ingesting blood from your pet and subsequently lay eggs, which drop off your pet's coat. Within days, larvae hatch from the eggs and live undetected in your pet's surroundings, such as the carpet, bedding and other protected areas. Flea larvae spin a cocoon, and, when appropriately stimulated, a young adult flea emerges and jumps onto your pet to continue the life cycle. When these new fleas are seen on your pet, treat with CAPSTAR Tablets.
After reading this insert, if you have any questions about flea control or medical problems associated with flea infestations, consult your veterinarian, who is your pet's health care expert.
Frequently Asked Questions About Capstar Tablets
Q: What is Capstar?
A: Capstar is an oral tablet for the treatment of flea infestations on dogs and cats. Capstar contains the compound nitenpyram. Nitenpyram interferes with fleas' neurotransmission, killing them very quickly.
Q: How quickly does Capstar work?
A: Capstar begins working within 30 minutes. In clinical studies, Capstar achieved greater than 90 percent effectiveness against adult fleas within 4 hours on dogs and within 6 hours on cats.
Q: How long will Capstar last?
A: Capstar is a short-duration flea adulticide. It does not prevent fleas from returning. A single dose of Capstar should kill the adult fleas on the pet. If the pet gets reinfested, it is safe to give another dose as often as once per day.
Q: How is Capstar different from other flea products?
A: Capstar is the fastest flea relief that does not leave pesticide residue on the pet or in the home. Unlike topicals that can take up to 24 hours to become effective, Capstar begins working within just 30 minutes.
Q: Is Capstar safe?
A: Capstar has a remarkable safety profile. No adverse reactions were reported in controlled studies with exposures up to 10 times the recommended dose. It is safe for pregnant and nursing animals.
Q: Can young puppies and kittens take Capstar?
A: Capstar can be used by puppies and kittens 4 weeks of age and older and 2 pounds or greater.
Q: How often can dogs and cats use Capstar?
A: A single dose of Capstar should kill the adult fleas on the pet. If the pet gets reinfested with fleas, it is safe to give another dose as often as once per day.
Q: If I am not certain a pet actually swallowed the Capstar pill, is it safe to give another?
A: Yes. If you are not sure that a pet swallowed the pill, it is safe to give a second pill.
Q: Can Capstar and lufenuron be used together?
A: Studies have shown that Capstar and lufenuron can be used safely together.
Q: Can Capstar be used in conjunction with other products?
A: Yes. Capstar tablets may be used with other products, including heartworm preventives, corticosteroids, antibiotics, vaccines, de-worming medications and shampoos.
Q: Only one pet in the household has fleas. Should all the pets in the household take Capstar?
A: Any pet that has fleas should take Capstar. However, Capstar is only part of a total flea management program. All pets in a household should be treated with an insect growth regulator to prevent the development of immature stages of the flea. This will prevent fleas from reinfesting your pet. Studies show that Capstar can be used safely with lufenuron.
Q: What is the Novartis recommendation for a flea management program?
A: Novartis has always recommended that you address both aspects of the flea problem. This includes the 85% of the flea population that are immature fleas, which are effectively controlled by a product like lufenuron (Program Flavor Tabs) and the 5% of the flea population that are adult fleas, which are effectively treated by an adulticide, like nitenpyram (Capstar). In studies, lufenuron was safely used with Capstar.
Store at controlled room temperature, between 59° and 86°F (15-30°C).
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